Osage City is a city in Osage County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,943.
Osage City was surveyed and platted in late 1869, after the route of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway had been fixed, but before it had been built to the city. Osage City was incorporated as a city in April 1872. Like Osage County, the city was named for the Osage Nation.
Osage City was a very busy coal mining town in the 19th century. In the summer of 1870, the first coal mines were opened by the Osage Carbon, Coal & Mining Company. At one time, there were twenty-eight mine shafts and 1,200 men employed.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,943 people, 1,213 households, and 757 families residing in the city. The population density was 916.8 inhabitants per square mile (354.0/km²). There were 1,359 housing units at an average density of 423.4 per square mile (163.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.2% White, 0.5% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.
There were 1,213 households of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.6% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.95.
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